About 30 to 50% of our planet's water is stolen
Water is one of the most essential resources for life. According to some studies, it is rarer than gold on a cosmic scale. In recent research, a team took a closer look at how humanity uses water. Based on the results, the researchers hinted at a phenomenon they call" water theft .
This plunder would concern up to 30 to 50% of the water reserves on Earth.
A priori, the concept of" water theft does not exist, because it is a natural resource relatively accessible to all. However, it is starting to become scarce and the real problem is that no one really cares. Scientists then advocate the implementationit is a political, legal and institutional framework to protect this scarce resource and optimize its use.
The objective of this study would be to raise awareness of a systemic problem. Scientists believe that water is not appreciated for its true value in many communities and illegal actions go unpunished. The results were published in Nature Sustainability.
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A worrying manifestation of water shortages?
In general, the “theft would be committed by people or companies who obtain water illegally, without paying. This consumption is often voufor agricultural purposes. This includes treated water that should be purchased or otherwise used against environmental guidelines.
Some activities require a large amount of water. For greater profitability, some companies are pressured to violate environmental regulations. These can be social standards or local regulations.
Concretely, the team looked at three types of misuse. She took as samples the cultivation of marijuana in California, strawberries in Spain and cotton in Australia.
Scientists deduced that besides the absence of a real police control, the lack of supply coupled with the galloping demographics would be one of the main reasons for this "theft." Variation in precipitation and climate change would have something to do with it.
"Water shortages are occurring on all continent. They are made worse by climate change. Theft factors must be tackled on an individual scale, the researchers wrote.
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The establishment of an adequate surveillance system
To reduce" water theft, consideration should be given to putting in place an effective control structure, as well as a fair and abundant supply system. Scientists urge authorities in different countries to ensure that sanctions are appropriate and properly enforced, especially in rural and remote areas.
They note that in some situations , "theft must be publicly denounced to raise awareness among the various communities.
" In accordance withPrevious research, this study has confirmed the importance of well-organized and funded monitoring, especially in the more remote parts of distribution systems. This is the best way to reduce theft, the researchers noted.